Treasure Mountain Silver Project


Location & Infrastructure

The Treasure Mountain mine property, under the full ownership of Nicola Mining Inc., is located within the Similkameen Mining Division in British Columbia. Positioned 29 kilometers northeast of Hope, BC, this property is conveniently accessible via a 3-hour drive from Vancouver, BC. The property consists of 31 mineral tenures, which include 30 mineral claims and a single mineral lease, spanning an area exceeding 2,200 hectares.

Access to the Treasure Mountain mine is facilitated by an unpaved road that connects directly with the Coquihalla Highway. The infrastructure around the property is well-developed, with electrical power available near Tulameen village, located approximately 28 kilometers to the east of the site.

Tenure Map of the Treasure Mountain Property

Geological Setting & Mineralization

The Treasure Mountain property hosts polymetallic veins including those of the historic Treasure Mountain silver-lead-zinc mine. This property is situated in the northward continuation of the Cascade Mountains of Washington State, which contains sedimentary and volcanic rocks of Late Paleozoic to Cretaceous age plus younger intrusions and sediments.

Regional Geology Map of the Treasure Mountain Property

The property is dominated by two primary geologic units. The first is the Jurassic Dewdney Creek Formation, part of the Ladner Group, which is predominantly made up of fragmental volcanic rocks, with sedimentary members comprising approximately 25% of its composition. The second unit is of the Cretaceous period, belonging to the Pasayten Group Rock, which is primarily sedimentary, composed of arkose, argillite, and conglomerate and hosts the Treasure Mountain deposit. Both units exhibit a northwesterly orientation and are intersected by various geological features, including sills and lamprophyre dykes, as well as dioritic to gabbroic intrusions dating back to the Tertiary period. These units are transected by dyke and fault-related mineralization processes. Locally, the two sequences are separated by a northwest striking, northeast dipping fault, the Chuwanten Fault, but in large part are conformable.

Local Geology Map of the Treasure Mountain Property

The principal Treasure Mountain vein(s) occurs in proximity to a local major fault, the Treasure Mountain fault striking 080° and dipping 30 to 65° south, and a feldspar porphyry dyke that partially occupies the fault. The vein strikes northeasterly and dips 50° to 65° southeasterly. Ore shoots within the vein extend from 50 to 150 m in length and vary in thickness from 0.5 to 1.5 m and occasionally to more than 2.0 m. The major mineralized vein, the “C” vein, has been explored from surface at 1680 m elevation to about 1390 m elevation, a dip distance of almost 350 m.

Treasure Mountain mineral veins are classed as “fracture controlled”, have little gangue and frequently feature central bands of massive mineralization with veinlets and disseminations distributed short distances outwards into the wall rocks. The major ore minerals are sulfides, including sphalerite, tetrahedrite, and boulangerite. Silver is present in native silver and tetrahedrite, and probably also occurs in significant amounts in galena and boulangerite. Ore minerals along with quartz were introduced along fracture zones proximal to a single feldspar porphyry dyke that may be an off-shoot from granitic bodies that lie a short distance from the mine area.

Project History

In the 1930s, 4000 tons ore was mined, yielding 39,558 oz. silver, 379,532 lb. lead and 88,455 lb. zinc, plus cadmium [1].  Silver Hill Mines Ltd. in 1950 constructed a 50 tpd flotation mill ( see our that is reported to have been in place until at least 1956 but production is not recorded [2]. Huldra acquired early photos of the 1950’s facilities and more some of which are in the historic photo gallery.  Huldra Silver Inc., arrived at Treasure Mountain in 1980, discovered and exposed a silver-rich vein over a length of 250 m in 1985. After that, exploration activities included drilling programs, geochemical soil surveys and various technical studies [3].

Between 1987 and 1989, exploration in the vein zone through four underground levels was conducted, comprising 9,000 feet of crosscuts, drifts, and raises, supplemented by 5,500 feet of underground drilling and 10,000 feet of surface drilling.  Before undertaking the underground work, a bulk sample of 407 tons of select high-grade material from the surface vein showings was shipped to Cominco and Asarco smelters for testing. The smelters confirmed the compatibility of the shipments with their processing regimes and paid a total of $344,265 for the material, and Huldra subsequently opened up 4 levels totaling ~4000m of historic drifts.  Historical records suggest that in 1989 Huldra submitted a prospectus to the Mine Development Steering Committee with the objective of placing the Treasure Mountain property into production, but the permitting process was not completed [3] [4] [5] [6].

Historical records state that the mine was ultimately permitted through a Notice of Work under the Mines Act to remove the 10,000 tonnes of ore from Level 1 of the underground mine before 2011/2012 [6].  A camp was installed the summer 2011, while operations, namely exploration and development began in Sept. 2011. A Mines Act Permit was amended in 2012 for production of up to 60k t/y.


Resource Estimation

The latest Mineral Resource Estimation was conducted in 2009 following CIM Definition Standards. The total vein Indicated Resource above a 10.0 oz/imperial ton cut-off was estimated to be 33,000 tonnes (metric) with 24.2 opt silver, 4.16% lead and 3,80% zinc. The total vein Inferred Resource above a 10.0 oz/imperial ton cut-off was estimated to be 120,000 tonnes (metric) with 27.0 opt silver, 2.79% lead and 4.36% zinc.


Click below to view video

Nicola Mining Inc. completed a 10,000-tonne bulk sampling program on Level 1, while Stope 2 remains in-situ.
The Company retains the option to reopen Level 1 to extract silver mill feed from Stope 2.


Potential targets of interest moving forward:

  • MB Zone located approximately 1.5km from the underground mine workings on the undrilled Northern backside of the mountain.
  • JV Vein/Eastern Zone located approximately 1.0 km from the underground mine workings.
  • Jensen Portal located approximately 100 m west of the Level 3 Portal and previously mined in the 1920’s.
View Exploration Results

Below are three reports for Treasure Mountain, from 1989, 2008, and 2012. They highlight our progress over the years.

Recent Exploration & Development

Since June 2011, exploration at Treasure Mountain has included diamond drilling, surface soil geochemistry sampling, surface and underground rock sampling on the upper two levels of the mine workings, a 10,000-tonne bulk sample, and a small exploration cut in the East Zone, located 8 km from the mine workings.

A total of 69 diamond drill holes, cumulatively spanning approximately 7,000 m, have been executed as part of the exploration strategy. Specially, 51 diamond drill holes, covering a total length of 5,073 m, were strategically placed to target the main mine development area. This targeted drilling campaign was designed to enhance the resource definition within the upper 150 m of the mine’s infrastructure. [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

Highlights from the drill program are presented in the following table:

Highlights from the drill program

In addition to drilling activities, the exploration team implemented soil geochemical sampling programs, collecting a total of 2,456 soil samples. These samples primarily focused on two zones of interest: the MB Zone and the Camp Zone. The MB Zone, situated approximately 1.5 km from the underground mine workings on the previously undrilled northern flank of the mountain, was identified in 2010 following the discovery of the Cal Vein, evidenced by a surface sample from an exposed section of fractured argillite yielding 9,221g/t Ag. The Camp Zone, discovered through a geochemical testing program in 1996, exhibits a pronounced soil anomaly located below the Jensen Portal, stretching up to 1,000 m away from the existing workings. Soil samples from this area have shown silver concentrations over 100g/t.

Wall in Open Cut 3
16.0 IMG_5612

Further rock geochemical sampling programs were undertaken, comprising 20 surface samples from the MB Zone and the Eastern Zone (JK Vein, approximately 1.0 km from the underground mine workings) and eight underground samples spanning a total length of 107 m from D Vein. The surface samples highlighted significant findings, including one sample from the Eastern Zone (JK Vein) containing 1,040 ppm Ag, and four samples from the MB Zone with silver concentrations exceeding 1,000 ppm Ag, attributable to Cal Vein. The D Vein initially uncovered 20 m into the hanging wall of the open cut at the top of Treasure Mountain. This D Vein was then re-exposed through mechanical scaling. The samples from D Vein are highlighted by the sample DV-8 with a grade of 1,478 ppm Ag, 33.65% Pb and 0.78% Zn.

[1] Source: McDougall, J. J., 1987, Report on Treasure Mountain Mineral Claims, Tulameen River Area, Similkameen Mining Division, British Columbia, report by J. J. McDougall & Associates Ltd. for Huldra Silver Inc.
[2] Source: Ostensoe, E. A., Giroux, G. H. and Beaton, A. J., 2009, Technical Report, Resource Estimation, Mining and Reclamation Plan and Economic Evaluation, Treasure Mountain Property, Tulameen River Area, B. C., Canada, report prepared for Huldra Silver Inc., accessible on SEDAR
[3] Source: Huldra Silver Inc. Progess Report Feb 1989
[4] source: Meyers, R. E. and Hubner, T. B., 1989, Treasure Mountain, Preliminary Geology of the Treasure Mountain Silver-Lead-Zinc Vein Deposit, Exploration in British Columbia 1989, Geol. Surv. Branch, Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia.
[5] Source: Report of Property Review and Sampling Project Jul 2008
[6] Source: Technical Report NI 43-101 Jun 2012
[7] Source: Sep 22, 2011 Press Release – Huldra Silver provides development update for Treasure Mountain
[8] Source: Jan 12, 2012 Press Release: BULK SAMPLING: Huldra Silver begins work at Treasure Mountain
[9] Source: May 18, 2012 – Press Release: Mines Act permit issued for Treasure Mountain
[10] Source: May 27, 2013 – Press Release – Huldra Silver Inc. provides an open letter to shareholders

Results of Recent Soil and Rock Geochemical Sampling Programs